Thankfully, the days when the only anaesthetic for a dental procedure was a slug of whisky are long gone. Today, dental science as developed a whole range of anaesthetic substances and medications that can used to cover almost every eventuality.
Anesthetic (from the Greek – an – “without”; and aisthēsis – “sensation”) is a general term that describes any substance that causes sensation such as pain to be blocked or removed.
Modern dentistry has available a number of different local and general anesthetics that can make your visit to the clinic pain free, more relaxed and comfortable. As each patient and treatment is different, so Dr. Preiss ‘s choice of anesthetic will reflect your treatment and your physical and even emotional state.
Partial Dental Anesthetics
Partial (local) anesthetics prevent pain in a specific area of your mouth. They are the most commonly used and a type of anesthetic that most of us are familiar with. They work by blocking pain transmitting nerves and numbing the surrounding tissues. Dr. Preiss may decide, prior to the administration of a partial anesthetic (usually by injection) to use a topical anesthetic which numbs the surface of the area to be injected.
The affect of a partial anesthetic usually wears off after a couple of hours. Dr. Preiss will give you instructions regarding the use of analgesics following treatment.
Full Dental Anesthetics
Whilst a partial anesthetic is the most common, there are cases where a full or general anesthetic may be required. A full anesthetic essentially places the patient into deep sedation blocking off all pain and sensation to the body. Full dental anesthesia may be required for complex procedures, where patient anxiety (such as that experienced by children) is exceptionally high. Full anesthesia may only be administered by a qualified and licensed dental surgeon.